The most comprehensive and practical small animal nutrition resource available.
AAFCO. (Association of American Feed Control Officials). Official Publication. 2007.
Adams LG, Polzin DJ, Osborne CA, et al. Influence of dietary protein/calorie intake on renal morphology and function in cats with 5/6 nephrectomy. Laboratory Investigation 1994; 70: 347-357.
Ames BN, Shigenaga MK, Hagen TM. Oxidants, antioxidants, and the degenerative diseases of aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 1993; 90: 7915-7922.
Anonymous. Why Fluffy went to the doctor. Veterinary Economics 2005. www.vetecon.com.
APHIS. (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). United States Department of Agriculture. Housing Facilities, General. Bethesda, MD: United States Government Printing Office, 1985; 528-559.
Baez JL, Michel KE, Sorenmo K, et al. A prospective investigation of cachexia in feline cancer patients and its prognostic significance. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 2007; 9(5): 411-417.
Barclay LRC, Locke SJ, MacNeil JM. Autooxidation in micelles. Synergism of vitamin C with lipid-soluble vitamin E and water soluble Trolox. Canadian Journal of Chemistry 1985; 63: 366-374.
Beaver BV, ed. Feline ingestive behavior. In: Feline Behavior: A Guide for Veterinarians. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co, 1992; 171-202.
Biourge VC, Groff JM, Munn RJ, et al. Experimental induction of hepatic lipidosis in cats. American Journal of Veterinary Research 1994; 55: 1291-1302.
Brown SA, Crowell WA, Brown CA, et al. Pathophysiology and management of progressive renal disease. Veterinary Journal 1997; 154: 93-109.
Buffington CA. Nutrition and nutritional disorders. In: Pedersen NC, ed. Feline Husbandry: Diseases and Management in the Multiple-Cat Environment. Goleta, CA: American Veterinary Publications, 1991; 325-356.
Burger IH, Anderson RS, Holme DW. Nutritional factors affecting water balance in the dog and cat. In: Anderson RS, ed. Nutrition of the Dog and Cat. Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press, 1980; 145-156.
Center SA. Chronic liver disease: Current concepts of disease mechanisms. Journal of Small Animal Practice 1999; 40: 106-114.
Chatterjee IB, Majumder AK, Nandi BE, et al. Synthesis and some major functions of vitamin C in animals. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 1975; 258: 24-47.
Cheng XS, Shimokawa H, Momil H, et al. Role of superoxide anion in the pathogenesis of cytokine-induced myocardial dysfunction in dogs in vivo. Cardiovascular Research 1999; 42: 651-659.
Ching SV, Fettman MJ, Hamar DW, et al. The effect of chronic dietary acidification using ammonium chloride on acid-base and mineral metabolism in the adult cat. Journal of Nutrition 1989; 119: 902-915.
Ching SV, Norrdin RW, Fettman MJ, et al. Trabecular bone remodeling and bone mineral density in the adult cat during chronic dietary acidification with ammonium chloride. Journal of Bone Mineral Research 1990; 5: 547-556.
Combs GF Jr. Impact of selenium and cancer-prevention findings on the nutrition-health paradigm. Nutrition and Cancer 2001; 40: 6-11.
Cowgill LD, Kallet AJ. Systemic hypertension. In Kirk RW, ed. Current Veterinary Therapy IX. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co, 1986; 360-364.
Dann JR, Adler MA, Duffy KL, et al. A potential nutritional prophylactic for the reduction of feline hairball symptoms. Journal of Nutrition 2004; 134: 2124S-2125S.
DiBartola SP, Buffington CA, Chew DJ, et al. Development of chronic renal disease in cats fed a commercial diet. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1993; 202: 744-751.
Dimski DS, Buffington CA. Dietary fiber in small animal therapeutics. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1991; 199: 1142-1146.
Doris PA, Baker MA. Effects of dehydration on thermoregulation in cats exposed to high ambient temperatures. Journal of Applied Physiology 1981; 51: 46-54.
Dow SW, Fettman MJ, Smith KR, et al. Effects of dietary acidification and potassium depletion on acid-base balance, mineral metabolism and renal function in adult cats. Journal of Nutrition 1990; 120: 569-578.
Earle KE, Smith PM. Digestible energy requirements of adult cats at maintenance. Journal of Nutrition 1991; 121: S45-S46.
Elliott JM, Rawlings PJ, Markwell PJ, et al: Survival of cats with naturally occurring chronic renal failure: Effect of dietary management. Journal of Small Animal Practice 2000; 41: 235-242.
Finke MD, Lutschaunig MT. Energy requirements of adult Abyssinian cats. Veterinary Clinical Nutrition 1995; 2: 64.
Flynn MF, Hardie EM, Armstrong PJ. Effect of ovariohysterectomy on maintenance energy requirement in cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1996; 209: 1572-1581.
Freeman LM, Brown DJ, Rush JE. Assessment of degree of oxidative stress and antioxidant concentrations in dogs with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1999; 215: 644-646.
Gaskell CJ. The role of fluid in the feline urological syndrome. In: Burger IH, Rivers JPW, eds. Nutrition of the Dog and Cat. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1989; 353-356.
Gerber B, Boretti FS, Kley S, et al. Evaluation of clinical signs and causes of lower urinary tract disease in European cats. Journal of Small Animal Practice 2005; 46: 571-577.
Godfrey DR. Osteoarthritis in cats: A retrospective radiological study. Journal of Small Animal Practice 2005; 46: 425-429.
Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996; 28-34.
Gutteridge JMC, Halliwell B. Oxidative stress. Antioxidants in Nutrition, Health and Disease. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1994; 91-110.
Ha H, Le HB. Reactive oxygen species as glucose signaling molecules in mesangial cells cultured under high glucose. Kidney International 2000; 21: 19-25.
Hall JA, Tooley KA, Grandin JL, et al. Effects of dietary n-6 and n-3 fatty acids and vitamin E on the immune response of healthy geriatric dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 2003; 64: 762-772.
Hand MS, Allen TA, Armstrong PJ. Feline nutrition: Taurine, urinary pH and potassium. Veterinary Medicine Report 1988; 1: 27-41.
Harman D. Aging: A theory based on free radical and radiation chemistry. Journal of Gerontology 1956; 11: 298-300.
Hart BL, Pedersen NC. Behavior. In: Pedersen NC, ed. Feline Husbandry: Diseases and Management in the Multiple-Cat Environment. Goleta, CA: American Veterinary Publications, 1991; 289-323.
Hayes KC, Nielsen SW, Rousseau JE Jr. Vitamin E deficiency and fat stress in the dog. Journal of Nutrition 1969; 99: 196-209.
Hensel H, Banet M. Adaptive changes in cats after long-term exposure to various temperatures. Journal of Applied Physiology 1982; 52: 1008-1012.
Hills DL, Morris JG, Rogers QR. Potassium requirement of kittens as affected by dietary protein. Journal of Nutrition 1982; 112: 216-222.
Hoenig M, Thomaseth K, Waldron M, et al. Insulin sensitivity, fat distribution, and adipocytokine response to different diets in lean and obese cats before and after weight loss. American Journal of Physiology Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2007; 292: R227-R234.
Hoffman LA, Tetrick MA. Added dietary fiber reduces feline hairball frequency. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2003; 17: 431.
Hostutler RA, Chew DJ, DiBartola SP. Recent concepts in feline lower urinary tract disease. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 2005; 35: 147-170.
Innes JRM. Vitamin C requirements of the dog. Attempts to produce experimental scurvy. 2nd report. Director of the Cambridge Institute of Animal Pathology 1931; 143.
Jewell DE, Kirk CA, Berryhill SA, et al. The effect of age on body composition in dogs and cats. In: Proceedings. Symposium on Health and Nutrition of Geriatric Cats and Dogs, Orlando, FL, January 1996: 52.
Jewell DE, Toll PW, Wedekind KJ, et al. Effect of increasing dietary antioxidants on concentrations of vitamin E and total alkenals in serum of dogs and cats. Veterinary Therapeutics 2000; 1: 264-272.
Jewell DE, Yu S, Joshi DK. Effects of serum vitamin E levels on skin vitamin E levels in dogs and cats. Veterinary Therapeutics 2002; 3: 235-243.
Kane E, Morris JG, Rogers QR. Acceptability and digestibility by adult cats of diets made with various sources and levels of fat. Journal of Animal Science 1981; 53: 1516-1523.
Kane E, Rogers QR, Morris JG, et al. Feeding behavior of the cat fed laboratory and commercial diets. Nutrition Research 1981a; 1: 499-507.
Kesavulu MM, Giri R, Kameswara RB, et al. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme levels in type 2 diabetics with microvascular complications. Diabetes and Metabolism 2000; 26: 387-392.
Kienzle E, Maiwald E. Effect of vitamin C on urine pH in cats. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Berlin) 1998; 80: 134-139.
Kienzle E, Thielen C, Pessinger C. Investigations on phosphorus requirements of adult cats (abstract). Journal of Nutrition 1998; 128: 2598S.
Kirk CA, Jewell DE, Lowry SR. Effects of sodium chloride on selected parameters in cats. Veterinary Therapeutics 2006; 7: 333-346.
Kirk CA, Ling GV, Franti CE, et al. Evaluation of factors associated with development of calcium oxalate urolithiasis in cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1995; 207: 1429-1434.
Klausen B, Toubro S, Astrup A. Age and sex effects on energy expenditure. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1997; 65: 895-907.
Knight JA. Reactive oxygen species and miscellaneous disorders. Free Radicals, Antioxidants, Aging & Disease. Washington, DC: AACC Press, 1999; 191-230.
Kobayashi DL, Peterson ME, Graves TK, et al. Hypertension in cats with chronic renal failure or hyperthyroidism. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 1990; 4: 58-62.
Kurtz TW, Al-Bander HA, Morris RC Jr, et al. “Salt-sensitive” essential hypertension in men. Is the sodium ion alone important? New England Journal of Medicine 1987; 317: 1043-1048.
LaFlamme DP, Jackson JR. Weight loss protocols for overweight cats (abstract). Veterinary Clinical Nutrition 1995; 2: 143.
Laflamme DP. Understanding and managing obesity in dogs and cats. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 2006; 36: 1283-1295.
Lawler DF, Sjolin DW, Collins JE. Incidence rates of feline lower urinary tract disease in cats in the United States. Feline Practice 1985; 15: 13-16.
Lekcharoensuk C, Osborne CA, Goyal SM, et al. Clinical evaluation of cats with lower urinary tract disease. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2001; 218: 1429-1435.
Lewis LD, Morris ML Jr, Hand MS. Nutrients. In: Small Animal Clinical Nutrition III. Topeka, KS: Mark Morris Associates, 1987: 1-11-25.
Littman MP. Spontaneous systemic hypertension in 24 cats. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 1994; 8: 79-86.
Logan EI. Oral cleansing by dietary means: Feline methodology and study results. In: Proceedings. Companion Animal Oral Health Conference, Lawrence, KS, 1996: 31-34.
Lund EM, Armstrong PJ, Kirk CA, et al. Health status and population characteristics of dogs and cats examined at private veterinary practices in the United States. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1999; 214: 1336-1341.
Lund EM, Armstrong PJ, Kirk CA, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for obesity in adult cats from private U.S. veterinary practices. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine 2005; 3(2): 88-96.
MacDonald ML, Anderson FC, Rogers QR, et al. Essential fatty acid requirements of cats: Pathology of essential fatty acid deficiency. American Journal of Veterinary Research 1984a; 45: 1310-1317.
MacDonald ML, Rogers QR, Morris JG, et al. Effects of linoleate and arachidonate deficiencies on reproduction and spermatogenesis in the cat. Journal of Nutrition 1984c; 114: 719-726.
MacDonald ML, Rogers QR, Morris JG. Effects of dietary arachidonate deficiency on the aggregation of cat platelets. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C 1984b; 78: 123-126.
MacDonald ML, Rogers QR, Morris JG. Nutrition of the domestic cat, a mammalian carnivore. Annual Review of Nutrition 1984; 4: 521-562.
MAF. (Morris Animal Foundation). Animal health survey. Denver, CO, 1998.
MAF. (Morris Animal Foundation). Donor survey. Englewood, CO, 2005.
Massey LK, Liebman M, Kynast-Gales SA. Ascorbate increases human oxaluria and kidney stone risk. Journal of Nutrition 2005; 135: 1673-1677.
Melov S, Ravenscroft J, Malik S, et al. Extension of life span with superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics. Science 2000; 289: 1567-1569.
Melov S. Mitochondrial oxidative stress: Physiologic consequences and potential for a role in aging. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 2000; 908: 219-225.
Meydani SN, Hayek M, Wu D, et al. Vitamin E and immune response in aged dogs. In: Reinhart GA, Carey DP, eds. Recent Advances in Canine and Feline Nutrition, vol. II. Wilmington, OH: Orange Frazer Press, 1998; 295-303.
Miller SA, Allison JB. The dietary nitrogen requirements of the cat. Journal of Nutrition 1958; 64: 493.
Morris JG, Earle KE. Vitamin D and calcium requirements of kittens. Veterinary Clinical Nutrition 1996; 3: 93-96.
Mugford RA. External influences on the feeding of carnivores. In: Dare MR, Maller O, eds. The Chemical Senses and Nutrition. New York, NY: Academic Press Inc, 1977; 25-50.
Naismith DH. Ascorbic acid requirements of the dog. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 1958; 17: xlii-xliii.
Neve J. Selenium as a nutraceutical: How to conciliate physiological and supra-nutritional effects for an essential trace element. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 2002; 5: 659-663.
NRC. (National Research Council). Nutrient Requirements of Cats. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1986.
NRC. (National Research Council). Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2006.
Osborne CA, Lulich JP, Bartges JW, et al. Feline metabolic uroliths: Risk factor management. In: Kirk RW, Bonagura JD, eds. Current Veterinary Therapy XI. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co, 1992; 905-908.
Pastoor FJH, Van’T Klooster ATh, Mathot JNJJ, et al. Increasing phosphorus intake reduces urinary concentrations of magnesium and calcium in adult ovariectomized cats fed purified diets. Journal of Nutrition 1995; 125: 1334-1341.
Pastoor FJH. Interactions of dietary minerals in the cat. PhD Thesis. University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands, November 1993.
Pazak HE. The response of lipid metabolism and transport to a short term fast in cats: Application to idiopathic feline hepatic lipidosis. PhD Thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, 1997.
Pedersen NC, ed. Common infectious diseases of multiple-cat environments. In: Feline Husbandry: Diseases and Management in the Multiple-Cat Environment. Goleta, CA: American Veterinary Publications, 1991; 163-288.
Pedersen NC, Wastlhuber J. Cattery design and management. In: Pedersen NC, ed. Feline Husbandry: Diseases and Management in the Multiple-Cat Environment. Goleta, CA: American Veterinary Publications, 1991; 393-438.
Polzin DJ, Osborne CA, Ross S. Chronic kidney disease. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders, 2005; 1756-1785.
Polzin DJ, Osborne CA, Ross S. Evidence-based management of chronic kidney disease. In Bonagura JD, Twedt DC, eds. Current Veterinary Therapy XIV. St Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier, 2008; 872-879.
Precht H, Christophersen J, Hensel H, eds. Temperature and Life. Berlin, West Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1973; 503-761.
Pugnetti G. Longhair breeds and shorthair breeds. In: Siegal M, ed. Simon and Schuster’s Guide to Cats. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1983; 128-241.
Root MV. Early spay and neuter in the cat: Effect on development of obesity and metabolic rate. Veterinary Clinical Nutrition 1995; 2: 132-134.
Ross LA, Finco DR, Crowell WA. Effect of dietary phosphorus restriction on the kidneys of cats with reduced renal mass. American Journal of Veterinary Research 1982; 43: 1023-1026.
Ross LA. Hypertension and chronic renal failure. Seminars in Veterinary Medicine: Small Animal 1992; 7: 221-226.
Ross SJ, Osborne CA, Kirk CA, et al. Clinical evaluation of dietary modification for treatment of spontaneous chronic kidney disease in cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2006; 229: 949-957.
Scarlett JM, Donoghue S, Saidla J, et al. Overweight cats: Prevalence and risk factors. International Journal of Obesity 1994; 18: S22-S28.
Scarlett JM, Donoghue S. Associations between body condition and disease in cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1998; 212(11): 1725-1731.
Scarlett JM, Donoghue S. Health effects of obesity in cats (abstract). In: Proceedings. The Waltham International Symposium, Orlando, FL, May 1997: 90.
Scott PP, Scott MG. Nutritive requirements for Carnivora. In: Husbandry of Laboratory Animals. London, UK: Academic Press Inc, 1967; 163-186.
Seefeldt SL, Chapman TE. Body water content and turnover in cats fed dry and canned rations. American Journal of Veterinary Research 1979; 40: 183-185.
Stamler J. Adverse effects of habitual high dietary salt on health and longevity. Perspectives in Applied Nutrition 1995; 3: 116-120.
Studer E, Stapley RB. The role of dry foods in maintaining healthy teeth and gums in the cat. Veterinary Medicine/Small Animal Clinician 1973; 68: 1124-1126.
Thamilselvan S, Byer KJ, Hackett RL, et al. Free radical scavengers, catalase and superoxide dismutase provide protection from oxalate-associated injury to LLC-PK1 and MDCK cells. Journal of Urology 2000; 164: 224-229.
Thumchai R, Lulich JP, Osborne CA, et al. Epizootiologic evaluation of urolithiasis in cats: 3,498 cases (1982-1992). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1996; 208: 547-551.
Vondruska JF. The effect of a rat carcass diet on the urinary pH of the cat. Companion Animal Practice 1987; August: 5-9.
VPI Pet Insurance. http://press.petinsurance.com/pressroom/index.cfm. (Accessed November 2007).
Wang S, Berge GE, Hoem NO, et al. Pharmacokinetics in dogs after oral administration of two different forms of ascorbic acid. Research in Veterinary Science 2001; 71: 27-32.
Wedekind KJ, Howard KA, Backus RC, et al. Determination of the selenium requirement in kittens. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 2003; 87: 315-323.
Wedekind KJ, Kirk CA, Yu S, et al. Defining safe lower and upper limits for selenium in adult cats. Journal of Animal Science 2003a; 81 (Suppl. 1): 90.
Westropp JL, Buffington CAT, Chew D. Feline lower urinary tract disease. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders, 2005; 1828-1850.
Willeberg P. Epidemiology of naturally occurring feline urological syndrome. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 1984; 14: 455-469.
Yu S, Gross KL. Moderate dietary vitamin C supplementation does not affect urinary calcium oxalate concentration in cats. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Berlin) 2005; 89: 428-429.
Box 20-1 Bibliography
Bright JM, Sullivan PS, Melton SL, et al. The effects of n-3 fatty acid supplementation on bleeding time, plasma fatty acid composition, and in vitro platelet aggregation in cats. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 1994; 8: 247-252.
Lechowski R, Sawosz E, Klucinski W. The effect of the addition of oil preparation with increased content of n-3 fatty acids on serum lipid profile and clinical condition of cats with miliary dermatitis. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A 1998; 45: 417-424.
NRC. (National Research Council). Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2006.
Saker KE, Eddy A, Thatcher CD, et al. Manipulation of dietary (n-6) and (n-3) fatty acids alters platelet function in cats (abstract). Journal of Nutrition 1998; 128: 2654S.
Saker KE. Nutrition and immune function. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 2006; 36(6): 1199-1224.
Watkins BA. Role of essential fatty acids in health and nutrition. In: Proceedings. Roche Technical Symposium. Pet Food Institute, Annual Industry Meeting, Chicago, IL, November 1997: 33-43.